called as oral contraceptives and "Pill", birth controlpills are synthetic harmonized
pills, which suppress ovulation and stops ovaries to release eggs for fertilization.
Thus no pregnancy occurs. Pills come in various combined estrogen and progestin
hormones as well as single hormone like progestin. Pills are mostly preferred
|It also contained similar synthetic
hormones - estrogen and progestin, which are released to body slowly. It functions
similarly like pills, however its level of hormones may be different than pills.
Like pills, it is used for 3 weeks and removed in the fourth week.|
is one type of "barrier" birth control type. It is in a shape of a cup made of
soft latex or silicon. It is used with jelly or spermicide and must be inserted
before 4 hours prior to intercourse. It should cover the cervix and placed behind
the pubic bone and the wall of vagina. Spermicidal jelly or cream kills the sperm
to enter to swim through uterus.|
|It is made of thin sheath in tube-like form
containing the tip at the bottom to collect sperm once man ejaculates. Condom
comes in different materials latex, non-latex, sizes, dotted and un-dotted, and
various forms and fragrances. It protects against STDs and HIV viruses to the
|Is made of plastic sheath with rings on each
end. One side ring is open outside the vagina that covers labia. Another end ring
is closed with plastic that acts like diaphragm. It is inside the vagina covering
the cervix to stop sperm entering into uterus. Female condoms also help in protecting
against STDs or HIV|
are non-hormonal jelly, foams, creams, films or any suppositories which kills
the sperm and inhibits entering into uterus for fertilization of egg. This is
another popular barrier birth control method.|
is harmonized long-term reversible birth control method comes in matchstick form
that is inserted in the upper arm by doctor or healthcare professional after a
minor surgical procedures. It relieves patients from taking pills every day. It
is used for 3 years.|
birth control injections are available to avoid unintended pregnancies. This is
taken once in every three months (11-13 weeks cycle). It is considered to be effective
than condoms and traditional pills. Injections must be taken by only doctors or
authorized healthcare professionals.|
|IUD is a small T-shaped soft, flexible,
plastic made device with string attached is inserted in through cervix and placed
in the uterus. A sting hangs down from the IUD onto the upper part of the vagina.
It is used for 1-10 years maximum.|
|NFP means practicing abstinence
during the days when the woman becomes fertile and more likely to become pregnant.
Three basic NFP methods used are basal body method, ovulation and symptothermal
methods. Please consult your doctor or healthcare providers who can advise you
can be for male and female both. Female sterilization is "tubal sterilization"
where the fallopian tubes in women are surgically tied together preventing eggs
and sperm to meet. In non-surgical option, a soft flexible micro-insert is placed
into each fallopian tube through natural pathway.Vasectomy is the surgical sterilization
operated on man where vas defenens (the tubes carry sperm) are cut and tied together.Both
methods are considered irreversible and permanent birth control methods.|
|This is estrogen and progestin combined synthetic
harmonized, soft and flexible vaginal ring which is inserted inside the vagina.
It releases the hormones slowly preventing ovulation and also thickens the wall
of uterus so that sperm can not meet egg for fertilization. Ring is inserted for
3 weeks and later removed for 1 week. Menstruation period starts in this week.
After a week, the ring is inserted again.|