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Barrier Birth Control Method - Diaphragm


Home >> Barrier Birth Control Method >> Spermicides >> Male Condom >> Female Condom


What is Diaphragm?
This is another barrier birth control method used by women to prevent sperm entering into uterus via vagina. Diaphragm is made of thin flexible rubber and looks similar to dome or cup having the flexible ring on the top. Diaphragm should be covered on both the sides and must be used along with spermicidal cream jelly or foam for greater protection against sperm.

How to use diaphragm?
The diaphragm with spermcide is put into the vagina to cover the cervix or the neck of the womb to prevent sperm entering into. It must be inserted atleast 4 hours prior to have intercourse along with spermicide. Before inserting your diaphragm, you will need to place spermicide jelly or cream inside of the cup of the diaphragm and its edges. However you will need to use spermicide inside of your vagina every two hours or each time you plan to have intercourse.

You should not remove it for atleast 6 hours after the sexual activity. Do not leave the diaphragm inside the vagina for more than 24 hours after having had the sex.

Watch Video on How to Use Diaphragm?

Advantages of diaphragm :

- it is available on drugstore without prescription
- it is easy to use and can be easily inserted and removed
- it is inexpensive and can be re-used many times.
- it does not effect menstrual cycle or future fertility
- it is reversible. It does not affect male or female's reproductive orgasm.
- convenient to use only when desire to have intercourse, hence it is completely in the control
- Diaphragm used with spermicidal jelly or cream is 91% effective. But chances may vary depending upon how you use it and take precautions

Disadvantages of diaphragm :

- if left for more than 24 hours after the sexual activity, it may increase the risk of Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)
- chances of bladder infection may increase due to prolong use
- if diaphragm left for long hours, strong odors or vaginal discharge could be experienced
- some women may feel irritation due to spermicides used with diaphragm but it should go away with the change in the brands
- does not guarantee of protection against STDs, however, spermicides may provide some protection against diseases like chlamydia. against gonorrhea

Unlike other barrier birth control, it is to be suggested by the healthcare practitioner or doctor because it comes in different sizes. It must also be periodically checked, atleast twice a year, to see it comes fit well, specially when you gain or lose weight or you become pregnant or given the baby birth. It may not fit properly if the girl used it when she was virgin and now she is having intercourse. Not every woman can use it comfortably as it requires knowledge and instruction. Your health practitioner or doctor will instruct how to insert or remove it properly. It is to be carefully removed with the fingers without breaking the diaphragm rubber with your fingernails. Wash it with warm water and mild soap. Do not use talcum powder or any other oil-based liquid for cleansing purpose or else it may harm the diaphragm rubber wall to crack.

Next : Cervical Cap








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Welcome to Dawn Stacey's Special Column on "Birth Control"

Dawn Stacey is an independent Licensed Mental Health Counselor and former Planned Parenthood employee. She is also associated with and provides her excellent inputs on women health realted issues, particularly on birth control. ...more

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